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In This Issue:

  • David’s Notes
  • Comments on Howard Dean’s Race for the Nomination by former Vermont Governor, Madeleine Kunin
  • An Appreciation of Howard Dean by State Senator Gerry Gossens
  • Howard Dean: Pragmatist by Jay Parini
  • We Have the Power! by Stephanie Woods
  • Vermonters Speak Up On Line
  • The Book On Dean
  • Flatlanders Chime in Too


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This issue of THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE is dedicated to setting the record straight about Howard Dean and doing so with the words of Vermonters who have known Governor Dean for decades.

This is our attempt to talk back to, as Stephanie Woods puts it later in this issue, the “gossip and innuendo and fear-based name calling and character assassination”–not to mention gross distortions of his record–that has characterized the media’s approach to Howard Dean for the past few months.

JME #31 contains three essays by people who know Howard Dean. These are followed by links to other Vermonters speaking up and for Dean, plus a few links to Flatlander support as well.

JME #31 begins with an essay by former Vermont Governor Madeleine Kunin which was commissioned by and written especially for THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE.

Gov. Kunin’s essay was written on January 23rd, before the New Hampshire primary.


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former Vermont Governor
Madeleine May Kunin


When Governor Howard Dean first announced that he was going to run for President about two years ago, most Vermonters absorbed the news with tolerance. It certainly wouldn’t do any harm, and it might sell a little more maple syrup and put Vermont on the map. Let him give it a try. Almost no one thought he had a chance.

He had been a good Governor for almost 12 years. There were lots of things he had done which improved the quality of life for people in Vermont. We saw him as a moderate, and those Democrats who called themselves liberals, referred to him as a conservative.

He had some notable accomplishments after five terms in office:

  • He insisted on balanced budgets. He left Vermont in good fiscal shape last year when most other states were struggling with deficits.
  • He invested heavily in health care, particularly for children. He built on a program that started in my administration, called Dr. Dinosaur, which now provides health care for all Vermont children who do not have private insurance.
  • He initiated a program called “Success by Six” which provides early childhood care.
  • He helped the state purchase a large wilderness area.
  • He signed into law a bill which gave most of the rights of marriage to gay and lesbian couples, called the Civil Unions law.

Vermonters liked Governor Dean. He never had serious opposition except in his last term when a very conservative Republican, Ruth Dwyer, ran against him, basing her campaign on opposition to the Civil Unions law.

As the Dean campaign caught fire, Vermonters were pleased. Hey, he might have a chance, after all, we thought. But frankly, when he started showing up in the polls as a live contender, we were amazed, and thrilled. Our Howard Dean?

And then we began to listen to him. He was talking about opposition to the war in Iraq, and drawing huge crowds, with enthusiastic applause. His most memorable speech was on Church street in the heart of downtown Burlington. The national press was there, his wife Judy was there, and a throng of Vermonters who filled up the pedestrian mall. He proclaimed, “You have the power to take your country back, you have the power, you have the power.” he repeated again and again. We hadn’t seen such a passionate Howard Dean before. This man really believed. And the crowd cheered with him, ready to follow his bidding to take on George Bush.

For the first time I believed that our Governor could win the Democratic nomination and even beat George Bush. One week he was on the cover of both Time and Newsweek. We felt proud. Suddenly Howard Dean was the front runner in a race that few Vermonters thought he could even get into.

Then, the tide began to slowly turn. The front runner was under attack and new scrutiny. He was the target in the debates, having to defend himself on every front. As he said later, “I don’t like being a pin cushion.”

There was controversy over the fact that he had sealed his gubernatorial records for ten years ( I had sealed mine for six, it is customary in Vermont for all Governors to seal their records for a certain number of years.). He was accused by his opponents of not supporting Medicare (he does), changing his mind on NAFTA (he did, but so what? With new information, lots of us change our minds.)

Some of the wounds, I admit, were self-inflicted. His gaffe about knowing the Bible and then mistakenly saying that Job was in the New Testament, his shouting at a heckler at one of the candidate rallies, and of course, the now famous Iowa concession speech where he sounded out of control.

So who is the real Howard Dean?

I have known him since he first ran for the state legislature from Burlington. We both had the same mentor, Esther Sorrell, who ran for the state Senate after working behind the scenes in Vermont for decades for every brave Democrat who ran and lost.

Vermont was once the strongest one party state north of the Mason-Dixon line. Esther lived to see the change from Republican to Democrat. She was crazy about Jimmy Carter and Howard got involved in that campaign.

Then I knew him as my Lt. Governor. He didn’t make a lot of headlines in that job, but he did it well. His real chance came through tragedy. Governor Richard Snelling had succeeded me and died suddenly on an August day at the edge of his swimming pool. From one moment to the next, Dean was taking the oath of office to be Governor of Vermont.

I have seen him mature, both as a politician and a human being. I think he is smart, a quick study of issues and a good problem solver. He is supremely confident. He treats people well, surrounds himself with good people, and has good judgment. He knows how to build consensus and diffuse tension. And, he listens.

When I was Governor, I had the opportunity to appoint a record number of women. Howard not only kept my appointees, he topped my record. By the time he left office, a woman had served, at one time or another, as the head of every agency.

Do I think he can win the nomination?

It depends. He was the first candidate to raise the important issues that now are the themes of almost every man who is running. His strength is that he can connect with people, he has brought thousands of young people into the process, and he knows what matters most to the public.

If the campaign returns to the issues and does not continue to exact a thousand cuts of negative campaigning, I think he has an excellent chance. His incredible organization is a huge plus. And his passion, which occasionally has gotten him into trouble, is also a plus. This man cares, and he cares deeply.

Having watched him grow over the years, I believe he will grow into the highest office of the land, the Presidency.


Madeleine May Kunin, a former governor of Vermont, is currently Distinguished Visiting Professor at St. Michael’s College in Colchester, Vermont.

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Gerry Gossens

It is sad and very frustrating to those of us who have worked with Howard Dean in politics to read the distorted assessments of him in the national media. Even worse are the acerbic sound-bite attacks on him by his Democratic opponents for the nomination.

I would like to offer a sort of a personal “insider’s view” of Howard Dean. It is based on my experiences with him during four years as Democratic member of the Vermont House of Representatives in the early 1990s, and then as a State Senator since 2000. In the intervening years Howard appointed me to the Water Resources Board, and then as chair of the board with instructions to set a more moderate tone at the board.

I first met Howard Dean on a Saturday in December 1992, just after my first election to the Vermont House of Representatives. The occasion was the organizational caucus of Democratic members in the House in preparation for the 1993 legislative session. The meeting was held in an ornate formal hearing room at the statehouse. Speaker Ralph Wright was there to discuss the Democratic agenda and teach us legislative etiquette. It was quite an exciting and ceremonial affair for the thirty-seven of us who were first-timers, and we were all dressed in our finest.

The highlight of the meeting was to be a mid-morning address by Governor Dean who was about to enter his first term as elected governor. However, word came that the governor was delayed. Later, that he was delayed again. Finally, near noon, there was a flurry in the hall and in walked a sweaty, dark-haired man dressed in sneakers, a hockey shirt and sweatpants with a hole in the knee. He was accompanied by three small children — two he would introduce as his own and one as a neighbor. It was Howard Dean! He had been delayed at his children’s pee wee hockey league game because he had played goalie for their team!

The words he spoke to us that morning escape me now but the first impressions of the man linger. Proud father, family man, unimpressed with his own exalted position, impatient, informal, totally unconcerned about how he looked, friendly, full of self-confidence.

Over the years I have had the opportunity of seeing other sides of Howard Dean.

For example, as the governor who was often waiting in the House chamber on cold mornings at the statehouse to give early-arriving legislators the opportunity for an informal one-on-one conversation with him, during which he demonstrated a quick mind and an extraordinary command of issues;

Or, Howard Dean, the tireless campaigner, who when walking door-to-door with me, loved the limelight as people did a double-take when they recognized him, and who had the knack of making each person or business we visited feel important and as if their concerns were of immediate and enduring interest to him;

Or, the governor who loudly accused the Democrats on the Senate Appropriations committee in 2001 of being in “La-La Land” for proposing more spending on children and Medicaid than he thought Vermont could afford, and who then came and negotiated quietly and seriously with us to achieve essentially the same result;

Or, the extremely articulate and forceful governor who stood alone on a stage for over an hour at a Middlebury legislative breakfast during the 2000 campaign and brilliantly, passionately and politely defended the civil unions law against sharp-tongued and angry opponents who had come from all over Vermont to attack him.

To me, the best description of Howard Dean is that he is first and foremost a doctor, a specialist in internal medicine. He was trained to be in charge of a situation; to be a compassionate listener and to be quick, confident and decisive in reaching a decision. Those are rare attributes in politics where endless discussion and maneuvering aimed at achieving a partisan political agenda more commonly characterizes leadership.

In my experience, internal medicine specialists are usually the brightest of physicians who thrive on trying to solve the most complex of medical problems. Howard Dean is certainly a quick study. I always enjoyed my dealings with him because he is so quick to grasp the essence of an issue. His style is to gather information from a variety of sources and then to rely on his own instincts to decide on a course of action. And, a rarity in politics, Dean has shown himself to be not unwilling to change his position on an issue if new information , or more persuasive arguments, subsequently come to his attention.

The Howard Dean I knew as governor was not “hot-headed” or “arrogant” or “mercurial”. However, in my view he certainly is refreshingly different from the run-of-the-mill national politician. As governor he was usually direct and blunt. He said what he believed, and would never have tolerated “handlers” scripting his remarks. He was honest to a fault. He could become angry but he was not angry by nature. He was a private person who many of us knew but few were really close to. He had little of the ego which seems to afflict so many in politics, both in Vermont and at the national level.

It is nice to have such a competent and down to earth Vermonter running for president.

- – -

Gerry Gossens is a State Senator from Addison County, Vermont


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Jay Parini

Purveyors of opinion in the national press continue to brand Howard Dean as a northeastern liberal, an anti-war activist who will appeal mainly to white, well-educated, granola-crunching and latte-sipping liberals of the type who supported George McGovern in 1972. In recent weeks, the infamous McGovern comparison was raised once again by David Brooks, a regular columnist for The New York Times. It’s a ridiculous notion, worth discarding as soon as possible.

I write this as a Vermonter who has known Dean personally (as an acquaintance) for many years. Several of my friends worked with him closely when he was governor, as members of his staff or advisors. Only a few weeks ago I had dinner with Dean (and a small group of local supporters), and he brought up the McGovern comparison himself, drawing a chuckle from everywhere in the room. Dean is, let me tell you, no George McGovern. He is actually the farthest thing from a typical northeastern liberal that can be imagined.

One personal anecdote will suggest something about the man. A few years ago, I was invited to speak (about the poetry of Robert Frost, believe it or not) to a convention of Vermont judges. I was, shall we say, the light entertainment before lunch. After lunch, Governor Howard Dean was giving a talk. As I was leaving the meeting, the governor can up to me with a grin. “I’ve just read your latest book of poems,” he said. (A mutual friend had sent him a copy.) “You’ve obviously been reading Roethke.” Of course I was surprised that Dean had taken the trouble to read my poems; but that he rightly detected I had been reading the poetry of Theodore Roethke seemed, at the time, quite stunning.

It is worth recalling that Dean was elected governor of Vermont five times in a row – a tribute to his appeal in this largely rural state. There are almost as many cows as people in Vermont, which has a population of just over half a million people. Pick-up trucks are the vehicle of choice around here, and deer hunting is immensely popular. Howard Dean is popular with the hunters. Indeed, the National Rifle Association has bestowed upon him its highest rating. Few liberal politicians in the United States have ever received such positive attention from the National Rifle Association.

During his years as governor, Dean was mainly known as a fierce budget cutter, a proponent of fiscal responsibility. I remember complaining loudly to friends that he was just a Republican in disguise. He balanced the state’s budget year after year, even though Vermont does not require a balanced budget, as do many states. My friends in the environmental movement were often unhappy with Dean’s refusals to support their cause if it meant spending money or doing anything that might inhibit the growth of business in our state. Dean’s own father was a well-known figure on Wall Street, and he grew up among business people, in New York City and Long Island. He understands them well, and is genuinely in sympathy with their needs: not something one could say of George McGovern or most liberal Democrats.

Dean is a pragmatist without an obvious ideological bent. Trained as a physician, he studies a given situation, assesses the facts, and makes a diagnosis. As governor, he was remarkably decisive, even combative, willing to make cuts in health care and education to balance the budget. On the other hand, he strongly backed the idea of universal health care, and made sure that medical assistance for Vermont’s children under the age of eighteen was guaranteed. In a country where large numbers of people have no medical insurance, and where the federal government has long resisted the idea of “socialized medicine,” this was a real achievement for Howard Dean. Famously, he supported the idea of civil unions for gay couples in Vermont, although he did so rather quietly, signing the act presented to him by the legislature behind closed doors. In a sense, this pragmatic governor simply went along with the majority opinion in Vermont, where a substantial gay population exists.

I woke up most mornings for a decade listening to Dean on the radio. He is a talker, and was quoted most mornings on Vermont Public Radio. He is, as most Americans have now gathered, a blunt fellow, prone to shoot from the lip. He often speaks before he thinks. But the good news is that, given a few moments, he can think.

It was, of course, Dean’s unambiguous stand against the Iraq war that lifted him into the status of front-runner in the Democratic primaries. He has been able to focus the anger of his party faithful, who have found Bush’s “preemptive” war intolerable. Yet it would be a grave mistake to think of Dean as a left-leaning pacifist of some kind. If anything, he is a warrior by nature. He says he would have invaded Afghanistan and attacked al-Qaida without getting waylaid by war in Iraq. As president, he would probably work closely with the United Nations, as he understands that this is the best way to cultivate American allies in Europe and elsewhere. He would Ð as a pragmatist Ð work to change the conditions on the ground that have made terrorism a live option for so many desperate people, in the Middle East and elsewhere. On the question of Israel and the Palestinians, he says (and got himself into a great deal of trouble here for saying it) that he would be “even-handed.” This would certainly mark a radical shift in American policy, which has lopsidedly supported the Israelis.

Dean is a passionate man by nature. Two years ago, I saw a good deal of him when our sons were playing high school soccer together. He would hurl himself into the games, cheering on his son and the team. He is a straightforward man: a tough, smart fellow with a lot of genuine compassion: he did, after all, choose medicine as a career, and only became governor when the previous one unexpectedly dropped dead from a heart attack. Dean, who was Lieutenant Governor then (not a full-time job in Vermont), was in surgery when the call came. He very reluctantly left his busy medical practice behind to assume office.

An old friend of mine was Dean’s lawyer and close personal advisor throughout his time as governor. We were having lunch shortly after Dean announced that he was running for president, and I asked him what he thought. “Howard will win,” he said. “He is smarter than everybody else, he works harder than everybody else, and he’s luckier than everybody else.” My own experience of Dean is very much along these lines. He has a long road ahead of him, but he’s well-equipped for the journey, and he tends to succeed at whatever he attempts.


Jay Parini, a poet and novelist, lives in Vermont. He is editor of The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. An earlier version of this essay appeared in The Manchester Guardian.


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Stephanie Woods of South Hero, Vermont, has written An Open Letter to Chris Matthews of Hard Ball at MSNBC. This is a hard hitting, well written, cogently argued, fiery piece on how and why the media has attempted to get rid of Howard Dean. Very Highly recommended. Go to:http://wehavethepower.ziby.net/index.html


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Editor’s Note: In order to listen to these interviews on-line you need Windows Media Player which is a free download and available at:http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/download/default.asp


An Interview with Judy Steinberg Dean: In September Judy Steinberg Dean, Howard Dean’s wife, gave two extended and wonderful interviews to Vermont Public Radio about her husband and her own medical practice and the campaign. You can listen to the first half of the interview at:http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/vpr/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=540619 There is a link to the second half of the interview on the first half page.

Kathy Hoyt on Diversity and Howard Dean: Kathy Hoyt, was Howard Dean’s chief of staff until 1997 and secretary of administration from 1997 to 2002. Here she talks about diversity in Howard Dean’s administrations and his commitment to women. Listen at:http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/vpr/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=590289

Secretary of State Deborah Markowitz on the Sealed Records: Deb Markowitz sets the record straight about the brouhaha over Howard Dean’s sealed records and the distortions the other candidates have been engaged in, most notably Joe Liberman. Listen at:http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/vpr/news.newsmain?action=article&ARTICLE_ID=588085


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Far and away the best book on Howard Dean is Howard Dean: A Citizen’s Guide to the Man Who Would be President. The book was put together by a team of reporters from the Barre Times Argus and Rutland Herald, both Vermont newspapers, and edited by Dirk Van Susteren. All these reporters have covered Dean, and have known him, for years. There is none of the mainstream media insanity about Dean here.

To order this book go to: http://rutlandherald.com/deanbook It costs $13.77 including tax.

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This link takes you to William Greider’s piece in The Nation on “Why I’m for Dean”: http://blog.deanforamerica.com/archives/002424.html


In the New York Times for December 21, 2003, Frank Rich wrote a seminally important essay called: “Napster Runs for President in ’04” about why the internet has become so important to politics and how Howard Dean is using the internet as no one has before. The essay is on-line at The International Herald Tribune at: http://www.iht.com/articles/122221.html


To read Ariana Huffington’s essay, “Unelectable My Ass” go to: http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=17512


The subtlest of any endorsement of Howard Dean came from Bob Herbert on the Op Ed page of the New York Times on January 9th. After a column devoted to the sick state of health care in the U.S. Herbert says, “Shoving low-income people, including children, off the health care roles at a time when the economy is allegedly booming is a sure sign of some kind of sickness in the society.”

Herbert concludes his column with, “Maybe the nation itself needs a doctor.”

To read Hebert’s entire article go to: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0C15FF34550C7A8CDDA80894DC404482&n=Top%252fOpinion%252fEditorials%2520and%2520Op%252dEd%252fOp%252dEd%252fColumnists%252fBob%2520Herbert

Sam Smith of UNDERNEWS: And finally, one more comment on how and why the media is intent on ruining Howard Dean’s candidacy. This excerpt of devastating analysis from Sam Smith, editor of Undernews for 20 January 2004, comes from The Progressive Review:

“Dean is in trouble, no doubt of it. Primary cause is the most excessive and gratuitous media assault on a presidential candidate in recent times. . . Dean failed to accept the fact that before you can get elected by the people you have to be selected by the crowd in charge. You don’t just run for president in the Democratic Party (unless you’re a Sharpton or Kucincich doomed from the start); you ask permission nicely just like Clinton did. Show the elite that you want to come to Washington to serve them, not lead others. . . . It’s bad enough when a Georgia peanut farmer like Carter tries it, but Dean came out of the establishment himself so his crime was worse: betrayal rather than naivetŽ. And he paid the price.”

“It’s not political. Washington is a place where more things are done illegally or under the table than just about anywhere in the world. Where your laws are made – and broken – as Mark Russell used to say. And it’s the world’s most powerful private club. If you want to get ahead here the first thing you’ve got to do is shut your mouth, and show you respect the people who really run the place. Dean didn’t do that.”


For information about subscriptions to UNDERNEWS and THE PROGRESSIVE REVIEW, email: news@prorev.com


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We are called to speak for the weak, for the voiceless, for the victims of our nation and for those it calls enemy, for no document from human hands can make these humans any less our brothers and sisters.

–Martin Luther King


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In MemoriamEdward Said



Fred Tuttle


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In This Issue:

  • David’s Notes

  • Quote of the Summer/In This Issue/Thugs in Suits
  • Letter from Egypt by Carol Ann Clouston
  • Beware the Middle East Expert by Donald Malcom Reid
  • The Stroke That Changed the World by David Cavanagh
  • The Case Against Foreign Aid by David French
  • Sign the Petition to Fire Rumsfeld
  • Songs for a Suffering World Gets Good Reviews


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    Quote of the Summer


    “I don’t do quagmires.”-Donald Rumsfeld

    In This Issue

    Our Canadian friend living in Egypt, Carol Ann Clouston, writes another letter from Cairo about how America looks from her perspective in the Middle East and what that means for our future.

    Donald Malcom Reid sends an essay about Middle East Experts–he being one himself–in which he tells, among other things, the appalling story of how George Bush appointed war monger Daniel Pipes to the U. S. Institute of Peace.

    Poet David Cavanagh weighs in with a compact, poetical history of the USA since Monica.

    David French takes JME #28 to task and responds by writing an essay addressing what we left wing liberals and radicals would rather not hear about what’s wrong with foreign aid.

    All four of these offerings are original and exclusive to THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE. They can be found nowhere else on the web.

    Thugs in Suits

    At one point in Carol Ann Clouston’s letter she says, “Some, but not enough, of your mainstream media have begun to spit out the gags shoved in their mouths by their corporate masters.” Not enough, to be sure. And NPR is as limp and frightened as any.

    A case in point, not from radio, but from the print media. In the summer of 2002, I was commissioned to write an essay about “9/11 a year later”, by a newspaper in the Gannett chain. The flagship paper for Gannett is, as you know, USA TODAY. I began the essay this way, “A year after 9/11, it is clear that George Bush and his administration are using the so-called War on Terror as an excuse to advance their dreams of unilateral domination abroad and their Right Wing agenda at home. The sooner we can be rid of This Disaster and his administration the better off we all will be.” I wrote this in July of 2002, 8 months before the war in Iraq began.

    I was told by an editor at the paper that this lead was “Like a two by six to the face.” which, when you think about it, isn’t anything like the bombs of Shock and Awe. They refused to publish the essay even though I had warned them ahead of time that I was going to go after George Bush and they had given me the go ahead to do so.

    I ended it this way, “The plague of Pax Americana is upon the world. And it is upon us also.” As Pogo said once, “We have met the enemy and he is us.”

    This essay which was rejected for being so unreasonable seems like pabulum now just a little more than a year later.

    Yet the beat goes on. The arrogance of American unilateralism keeps topping itself. Just when you think it can’t get worse, it does. That gang of self-righteous, holier than thou, neo-cons who attacked randy Bill Clinton and promised America that they could and would return morality, purity and clean government to Washington have established the meanest, most corrupt, dishonest and destructive government in the history of this country. The thugs in suits now in charge at the White House, however, are too arrogant ever to admit their mistakes. And that hubris, as the Greek tragedians understood so well, is bound, sooner or later, to be their downfall.

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    Not since Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935 have we seen such a brazen and universally condemned act of aggression, in violation of the decisions of international organizations and international law. Iraq poses about the same “threat” to the U.S. that Ethiopia posed to Italy.


    –Who Said This?


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    Carol Ann Clouston

    Dear American Friends,

    The Egyptian street is quiet. All other Arab city streets are quiet–with the notable exceptions of Iraqi and Palestinian cities, that is. There are no riots, violent protests, “massive civil disobedience” or government destabilization, as predicted in my letter to George Dubya. (The Judevine Mountain Emailite #28: JME #28) No Americans or other foreign nationals are being attacked here–yet. The people of the Arab nations are still stunned, feeling powerless and humiliated by the spectacle of their proud sister nation–often referred to as The Cradle of Civilization–brought to her knees and occupied by the American led Coalition of the Willing. And worse, there’s not a thing they can do about it; there wasn’t then and there isn’t now. But they have millennia of practice in waiting patiently for things to change.

    However, thousands of angry Arab youth have found their way into Iraq and are working out their feelings against your troops. Countless others are finding their way into bona fide terrorist organizations. Their numbers will grow steadily and they’ll spread out over the world unchecked, wherever there are Americans, for a very long time to come. And this is the truth. A very different thing from what you’re accustomed to hearing, I’m afraid.

    While they wait, they comfort themselves with humorous aspects of the situation. For example, 9/11 was indeed a tragic event, but one of my Egyptian colleagues summed up the general Egyptian response to Arabs being pinpointed as the perpetrators, as follows: “What? Cells of Arab terrorists who don’t talk to each other? Forget it! Arabs could never get it together to pull off aerobatic stunts like that inside America without Americans themselves helping!” And it seems that they did.

    Some hideous unspeakable truths are emerging re: the US Administration’s tacit complicity with the 9/11 terrorists -whoever they were. It’s emerging bit by horrible bit that George Bush, under the thrall of his handlers–the cabal, including Cheney and Wolfowitz, who commissioned the script entitled Rebuilding America’s Defenses or Pax Americana, in Sept. 2000–for months on end ignored an abundance of solid-source intelligence concerning just about everything except the date and time of the 9/11 attacks. And, there’s one particularly glaring question among the many which have gone unanswered: “Why didn’t the FAA order a single fighter jet up into the deep blue yonder to see what the heck was going on, until about an hour after the first plane went off course?” Why do questions such as these hang in the air? Because the answers are too appalling. This administration was just chomping at the bit for an event such as 9/11, both as a smoke screen to launch their long planned imperialist drive into this region and to whip you all into a patriotic frenzy to support it. They succeeded in doing both.

    I can only imagine how unbearable it must be for you to watch as your brave young men and women in Iraq are wounded, maimed and killed, while, at the same time, you’re confronted, almost daily now, with yet another snippet of truth about the insidious ways in which your administration duped the great majority of you into supporting this attack on Iraq. According to the most recent polls assessing Dubya’s popularity, some of you are waking up from the hypnotic patriotic trance induced by the frenetic pounding on war drums from the neo-con road-show. Some, but not enough, of your mainstream media have begun to spit out the gags shoved in their mouths by their corporate masters to keep them writing and mouthing nothing but ‘patriotic’ platitudes, and are telling it like it is.

    Surely by now you must at least suspect what the rest of the world (not having been prey to the pre and post-war rhetoric spewing out of Washington and London) has always known: this war was not about imminent “nukyiler” attacks on the US and/or Britain, not about freeing the poor Iraqis from a tyrant, not about WMD stashed away over here (except in Israel of course!) or any of that folksy Texas accented insinuation about Sadaam’s intimacies with Al Qaeda. All hogwash, of course!

    It was primarily about three things: First, protecting American interests in the region i.e. securing an uninterrupted flow of ‘black gold’ by redrawing the geopolitical map of the region; second, insuring Israel’s military dominance in the region; and, finally, imposing once and for all time the noxious Pax Americana. (Of course, there was also the extra perk for the Israelis, i.e. Washington’s tacit approval of their particular and intensified brand of the “preemptive” option, terminating as many Palestinians as they’d care to, demolishing their homes and farms and humiliating them unmercifully–as long as they called all their victims “terrorists”, of course.

    You’ve been had, my friends–big time! Your economy’s down the toilet to pay for this horrific fiasco, you’ve got what amounts to another Vietnam on your hands and you’ve lost the hard won respect of most of the world. Come out of that patriotic anesthetic! Wake up! Your beloved country is being held hostage by a handful of neo-con nuts, and it looks like it’s about to get worse. Attack Iran or Syria–which is in that Project for the New American Century script.

    And know this: in your own and your great-great-great grandchildren’s lifetimes, there’ll never be a place for an American to feel welcome or secure.

    As long as it’s under the misguided direction of George Dubya and his sociopathic and corporate buddies, the country that poses the greatest threat to you is your very own. I hope for your sake, and for the sake of millions of others in the world community, that your voting machines work properly next year. And some international observers for next November, wouldn’t go amiss either.

    Carol Ann Clouston
    Carol Ann Clouston writes from the Adham Center for TV Journalism,
    The American University in Cairo.
    For supporting evidence for opinions cited in this letter see:

    Michael Meacher’s, “This War on Terrorism is Bogus”, THE GUARDIAN, 9/6/03,http://politics.guardian.co.uk/iraq/comment/0,,1036687,00.html

    John Pilger’s article “The Big Lie”, THE LONDON DAILY MIRROR, 9/22/03,http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/allnews/content_objectid=13434081_method=full_siteid=50143_headline=-THE%2DBIG%2DLIE-name_page.html

    To find the original Project for the New American Century documents, go to: http://www.newamericancentury.org/


    * * * * *

    The Nationalist not only does not disapprove of atrocities committed by his own side, but he has a remarkable capacity for not even hearing about them.

    -George Orwell


    * * * * *


    Donald Malcolm Reid
    Professor of History and Middle East Expert

    In the welter of spun information, insinuation, disinformation, and outright lies with which the Bush administration has flooded the American public since 9/11, we must keep reminding ourselves and others of a few simple truths. No evidence, for example, has surfaced that Iraq had anything to do with the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington or that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction last spring. These two central falsehoods were cynically used to sell a war on Iraq which had been planned in neo-conservative circles years before 9/11.

    What does the public need to know about the field of Middle East studies and the “experts,” “specialists,” and “consultants” who pop up on our television screens whenever Middle East-related violence intrudes upon our equanimity? Even those of us who have spent a lifetime studying Muslims, Arabs, and Middle Easterners can understand only small fractions of their realities. Any expert who spouts such orientalist maxims as “Arabs respect force” or “Islam is fundamentally …. (fill in the blank)….” as prescriptions for dealing with other cultures is deluding himself and others. Then too, many of the expert commentators are not really specialists on the Middle East but on such politically-charged fields as terrorism, security systems, and military affairs.

    Even those who are truly Middle East specialists do not necessarily proffer wise advice for formulating realistic and just American foreign policies. Octogenarian Bernard Lewis is a great scholar, but for decades the intensity and angle of his commitment to Zionism has made his advice counterproductive for those who would pursue a reasonable resolution of the Israeli-Arab conflict.

    Daniel Pipes is a Middle East specialist who abandoned academia early on for right-wing think tanks. In Sept. 2002 he opened a McCarthy-like website called Campus Watch. It blacklisted prominent American professors as apologists for Palestinian and Islamist violence and encouraged students to inform on professors judged to have an anti-Israel bias. Pipes and his close associate Martin Kramer, also a Middle Eastern Ph.D., have castigated the Middle East Studies Association of North America–the preeminent organization for academic specialists in the field, with 2700 members­for its alleged biases. Pipes and Kramer were avid supporters of the war on Iraq. The views of Pipes are so extreme that congressional approval of his recent nomination to the board of the U. S. Institute of Peace was in doubt. But President Bush waited until late this summer when Congress was in recess and by-passed congressional approval to make the appointment. Shades of George Orwell — War Is Peace.

    What of experts with “ethnic credentials,” born and raised in the Middle East, many of whom are now U.S. citizens? With their insiders’ understanding, some have become among our most distinguished specialists on Islam and the Middle East. Others, usually involuntary exiles, have fixated on personal and family losses and pursued narrow-minded politics of revenge. Anti-Castro extremists among Cuban exiles have warped American policies toward their homeland into counterproductive shapes. Similarly, the Pentagon as it planned the Iraqi invasion listened too eagerly to Ahmad Chalabi’s assurances that Iraqis would welcome American soldiers with open arms. Scion of a family prominent under the monarchy half a century ago, Chalabi had not lived in Iraq since fleeing the 1958 revolution as a child. That he is wanted in Jordan for a banking scandal in the 1980s did not worry top Pentagon officials, who have taken the Enron, World Com, Arthur Anderson, and Haliburton scandals in stride. The Pentagon footed the bill for training a private army for this potential “our man in Iraq” and airlifted him and his men into Iraq at the earliest opportunity during the invasion.

    As the administration rushed to war last spring, most of the mainstream media played cheerleader. Most of the experts furnishing the running commentary were drawn from a narrow range of specialists who told the administration and nervous public what they wanted to hear. Cheney and Rumsfeld had already made up their minds for war, and they knew precisely which scholars and exiles would lend their expertise to the propaganda blitz. The many Middle East specialists who opposed the war faced a dilemma if they did get on the air–either tone down their message so as not to offend their hosts and a public craving reassurance, or tell the blunt truth but never get invited back.

    Middle East specialists have protested in vain a program that is now pumping money into university teaching of critical Middle East languages through the Department of Defense instead of through the Department of Education. In Iraq, of course, the U.S. Department of Defense, not the Department of State–which is supposed to run our foreign policy–is calling the shots.

    Don’t be awed by Middle East experts–they can be rented, bought, or sincere but deluded. Trust your political instincts as an intelligent generalist and citizen. Check the credentials of the often self-proclaimed experts. Seek out the wide range of wise and humane Middle East expertise that is out there but which is hard to hear over the drumbeat of the “war on terrorism.”

    - – -

    Donald Malcom Reid teaches Middle Eastern History at Georgia State University in Atlanta.


    * * * * *


    David Cavanagh

    Begin with Monica, not innocent, but on her knees God
    love her, little sense of what it meant beyond the heady
    ambition of it all, labially impressing the presidential member.

    Then the media, lip-licking gleeful on the hunt, houses of Congress
    outragedandharrumphed. (Outbreak of nervous tics, stiff necks
    from twisting back over shoulders, into closets, leaning on delete.)

    Then Mr. VP, off the Mayflower by way of Tennessee, buttoning down
    everything against the big blow — and everything already buttoned down.
    Pilgrim Proper scrubbed for Sunday showing.

    Middle America on its knees, double-barreled prayer — give us this day Mr.
    Clean, yes, but not the guy with no juice left, and not anyone friend of
    President Smutty Pants.

    Guidance, Lord, guidance, then the answer — pilgrim, sure, not Mr.
    Mayflower, the other one, the well-oiled, scripted dude, talks in mcnuggets,
    clear that wilderness, savage, claim

    it, yes, City of God, but make it oversized, like Texas, ignorance and
    meanness in the mix, oh Monica, down on our knees is right. Then an
    invasion of hanging chads — weapon of mass induction —

    a vicious slide at home plate, an ugly late call by the 9 umps supreme (“Safe!”
    “Yer out!” — one for Tex, one for Pilgrim Proper). Bushwhacked ever since.
    The national wagon madly chased and

    flipped — Kyoto-Afghanistan-Iraq-jobs-schools-rights gunned down —
    tombstone air over everything, all gone hugely, Shakespeareously wrong.
    Centuries to come already writ large and bad, the children’s

    future cracked and leeched, squandered toxic, and most everyone cool as a
    ‘burb about it, gone ga-ga, like little kids who’ve nibbled peeling paint too
    long, tiny neuron bombs, lethal, silent, gradual bombs

    gone off in us, little poofs of comfort, somnambulists ‘r us; smoking
    oil well for horizon, cauldron of world hate, seethe, send more blackhawk
    choppers, blood blooms, how do you say environmental meltdown, thugs

    in white houses, plunder as policy, collective anesthesia, reality TV
    gone real, gone fear factor, no millionaire left behind, down on our knees,
    it gushes, it’s a gusher, the whole world down on shattered knees, oh Monica


    David Cavanagh


    David Cavanagh is a poet living in Burlington, Vermont. His book of poems, THE MIDDLEMAN, is due out from Salmon Publishing in October, 2003. For more information about the book go to: www.salmonpoetry.com



    * * * * *

    When the whole nation is roaring Patriotism at the top of its voice, I am fain to explore the cleanness of its hand and the purity of its heart.

    –Ralph Waldo Emerson

    * * * * *

    David French

    Under the headline “HOW GENEROUS WE ARE: A Foreign Aid Fact,” The Judevine Mountain Emailite #28 (JME #28)reports: “The foreign aid budget in the United States is 1/10th of 1% of our Gross National Product. Of the 22 richest nations in the world, that ranks us 22nd.”

    True, but so what? The U.S.’s low foreign aid budget does reflect a meanness of spirit that parallels the lack of any real concern for the poor at home. Unfortunately, to increase foreign aid might make us feel better, but it wouldn’t do much for the world’s poor. Aid is mostly money pissed away.

    I say this with sorrow, having spent much of my career in development agencies. In my time, I worked for the U.N.’s World Food Program, the World Bank, and the U.S. Agency for International Development, as well as consulting for ILO, IFAD, FAO and a number of nongovernmental groups. I lived and traveled widely in Africa and Asia. I don’t think I ever saw an aid project that seemed worth the cost and trouble, at least to the people who were supposed to be its beneficiaries. (Most projects are worth the cost and trouble to the bureaucracies that finance them — spending money is how these organizations perpetuate themselves — but that shouldn’t be the point for anybody outside the bureaucracy.)

    We need to distinguish between “humanitarian” aid (designed to keep people alive after droughts or wars) and “development” aid (intended to make societies richer and more productive). Only a small part of my career was spent in humanitarian aid, so I’m hesitant to be too categorical about the results. Food and other emergency assistance does keep people alive who would otherwise die. However, this also undercuts traditional coping mechanisms, frees resources of the recipient government for alternative uses like buying weapons, provides a major disincentive to local agriculture when food aid is spread around too lavishly or too long (as it often is), and kills people through epidemics at the feeding centers where people congregate. I suppose humanitarian aid is worth it on balance, but you have to recoil at how thoughtlessly it is often done.

    When it comes to “development” aid, on the other hand, there is almost nothing positive to say. For one thing, aid tends in practice to be more political than developmental. In the last fiscal year, the U.S. earmarked $1.2 billion in “development” aid to Israel (for being Israel) and Egypt (for being nice to Israel). The whole of sub-Saharan Africa had to make do with another $1.2 billion. (With a population of 6 million, Israel got $600 million, not counting military assistance; Ethiopia and Nigeria, with a combined population of 200 million, together got $144 million.) Other major recipients were Pakistan, Jordan, Russia, Ukraine, and Colombia. This year, you can add Iraq to the list. The major criteria being applied here are not those of need.

    That doesn’t mean aid to the poorer countries should be increased. For one thing, they couldn’t use it. I’ve never been in a poor country that wasn’t flooded with more development aid than it could absorb, given its limited infrastructure and implementing capacity. One of the reasons the World Bank originally got into its dreadful “structural adjustment” lending was that it couldn’t unload its resources through normal development projects. Ratcheting up aid levels would simply increase the already large backlog of promised but unspendable funds.

    There are fundamental problems on the donor side as well. “Development” would be staggeringly difficult even if it was the real point of the exercise, but it isn’t. Any bureaucracy’s overriding aims are to look good to its funders and to maintain or increase its budget. To achieve these aims, projects designed by aid organizations are formulated as quickly and cheaply as possible (allowing for a minimum of thought or “quality control”) in ways that are driven by the current winds of developmental fashion. Impact on the recipients is a public relations matter (easily finessed by having the organizations evaluate their own work) in which actual results count for little.

    A World Bank project on which I worked for four years in Malawi is typical enough. To address the scarcity of wood fuel, millions of dollars were spent on firewood plantations and nurseries from which farmers could buy seedlings for private or communal woodlots. Only after the project was underway (and had been declared a success by the Bank) did anyone try to find out whether any of this made sense.

    As it turned out, no sane farmer would have planted woodlots (there were many other crops that would have been more profitable), nobody wanted to plant their fuelwood communally (would you?), and the plantation wood was too expensive for the poor to buy. Tobacco plantations (many of them owned by Kamuzu Banda, then Malawi’s President for Life) bought some of the highly subsidized trees and seedlings for firewood to cure their crops, but most of the project’s output went unused. Malawi is now paying back, with interest, the loan that forced all this into existence.

    None of this was exceptional: ignorance, carelessness and self-satisfaction characterize the work of all development agencies. In a manner of speaking, the game “works” anyway. The agencies move their money, host governments and local bosses skim off their cut, “beneficiaries” are given various “incentives” to play along, and the donors tell you what a good job they’ve done. However, little actually happens that is positive or sustainable. The real outcome is that local societies are disrupted, self-reliance is discouraged, individual preferences are overridden, government priorities are manipulated by outsiders, national debts accumulate, and foreign interests shape the future (using aid funds, for example, to force GM seed into local agriculture). These results aren¹t correctable accidents; they are inherent in the process.

    In other words, forget statements like “The foreign aid budget in the United States is 1/10th of 1% of our Gross National Product.” Aid sucks. Let’s not get romantic about wanting more of it.


    David French is an American living in Dublin, Ireland.



    * * * * *

    The word genius isn’t applicable in football. A genius is a guy like Norman Einstein.


    –Joe Theismann, football commentator and former quarterback

    * * * * *


    As most of you probably already know, Moveon.Org is circulating a petition to fire Donald Rumsfeld. To sign the petition go to:http://www.moveon.org/firerumsfeld/?id=1680-355396-mr9XCWSYJoPC3VTijXXNPQ>http://www.moveon.org/firerumsfeld/


    * * * * *


    SONGS FOR A SUFFERING WORLD: A PRAYER FOR PEACE, A PROTEST AGAINST WAR, the new words and music cd with William Parker, Hamid Drake and David Budbill, is getting great reviews in Los Angeles, San Antonio, Montreal, Edinburgh and on the Internet. To read the reviews and for other information about the cd go to: http://www.davidbudbill.com/songsfasw.html



    * * * * *

    The Neo-Cons, the New American Imperialism and Race





    * * * * *

    We are called to speak for the weak, for the voiceless, for the victims of our nation and for those it calls enemy, for no document from human hands can make these humans any less our brothers and sisters.

    –Martin Luther King

    * * * * *



    In This Issue:

    • David’s Notes Fascism Defined

  • The Police State is Already Here

  • Dan’l’s Story
  • Two Quakers and the F.B.I.
  • And in Montpelier, Vermont . . .
  • The Disasters of War: 1939/2003, by Andrew Potok
  • An Email from Germany, by Howard Nelson
  • Three Things You Can Do
  • Veterans for Common Sense: A Website We Recommend
  • Carnage: Photos from the Last Gulf War


    * * * * *




    Lest you think we are going overboard by referring to what is going on now in America as fascism, here is how WEBSTER’S TENTH NEW COLLEGIATE DICTIONARY defines fascism:

    “A political philosophy, movement or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.”

    The current Bush administration is motivated by a political philosophy. It is a movement, a regime, that exalts this nation over all others. It seeks, as we’ve said here in the JME before, a Pax Americana. Jimmy Carter used this phrase in his op-ed piece* for the NEW YORK TIMES of Sunday, March 9, 2003. Bush and his cadre want nothing less than world domination and total control as the one and only super-power.

    In addition and contrary to Republican news-speak, this administration seeks to concentrate power in a centralized, autocratic government. See John Ashcroft on enforcing the death penalty as a national policy allowing no individual rights to the states. See also judicial appointments to district courts in which judges favor government and corporate interests over individual rights. In this regard, read Adam Cohen’s article“Deborah Cook Is the Typical Bush Judicial Nominee–So Watch Out” in THE NEW YORK TIMES, February 25, 2003. Also read “The Intellectual Heart of Conservative America” in THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE, March 9, 2003.

    The Bush administration also exalts a race–if you want to call it that–of rich, old, white, “Christian” men, over all other races and religions. The goals of this small group of white men–as articulated by their titular head and mouthpiece, George W. Bush–are the application of severe economic and social regimentation, such as tax cuts for the rich, reductions in governmental benefits and programs for the poor, and attacks on equal opportunity legislation, to name only three. All these efforts lead to rigid social regimentation and to less and less social mobility because those in the lower classes have less and less educational and economic opportunity. In addition, the rigid narrow-mindedness and intolerance associated with Fundamentalist Christian values also generates less tolerance for anyone who is not white and Fundamentalist Christian. Less “choice” and access to family planning for women in the U.S. and abroad is also evidence of social regimentation.

    As for fascism’s forcible suppression of opposition, one only need turn to the Patriot Act I and II. Under the Patriot Act the government may, “secretly detain citizens . . . monitor religious and political institutions without suspecting criminal activity, search and seize Americans’ papers and effects without probable cause, prosecute librarians or other keepers of any other records if they tell anyone that the government subpoenaed information, jail Americans indefinitely without a trial and without being charged.”

    Most shocking is Section 501: Expatriation of Terrorists of Patriot Act II which says, “An American can relinquish his citizenship [and] . . . be expatriated if . . . he becomes a member of, or provides material support to, (emphasis mine) a group that the United States has designated as a “terrorist organization,” if that group is engaged in hostilities against the United States.”

    Who is to decide what “material support” is? Does THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE, and the people who write for it, give “material support” to a “terrorist organization”?

    To read the text of Patriot Act II go to: http://www.dailyrotten.com/source-docs/patriot2draft.html

    Opposition to the government is also forcibly suppressed by an unholy alliance between the government and the corporate ownership of what used to be called “the news media.” Just one of many glaring examples of News-Media-as-Governmental-Patsy played itself out on Sunday, March 9, on MEET THE PRESS as Tim Russert, under the guise of hardball questioning, swallowed the government’s propaganda hook, line and sinker in his interview–it was really an attack–of Presidential candidate Howard Dean. For other examples of the “news media” in the pocket of the government, tune in Fox News anytime or go to:
    http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=15312 and to:

    Almost all the pieces in this edition of THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE devote themselves to the topic of The New American Fascism, such as a man writing from present day Germany to point out how similar current American politics are to Nazi Germany or specific incidents of a police state in action such as what happened to Dan’l on a subway platform one night in New York City or to two Quakers in upstate New York or to some high school kids in Montpelier, Vermont. We also offer in this issue an eye witness to the march of fascism in 1939 in Andrew Potok’s article about his childhood in Poland and how it has affected his understanding of America today. And finally, we offer a link to a series of photographs of the first Gulf War, a sobering and horrific vision of what is just around the corner.

    Slipped in between these articles are pertinent quotes from Leo Tolstoi, Albert Camus and Harry Emerson Fosdick.

    God bless the people of Iraq. As-Salaam-Alaikum, Iraq. As-Salaam-Alaikum, Iraq. As-Salaam-Alaikum.

    * * * * *

    Patriotism in its simplest, clearest, and most indubitable meaning is nothing but an instrument
    for the attainment of the government’s ambitious and mercenary aims,
    and a renunciation of human dignity, common sense, and conscience by the governed,
    and a slavish submission to those who hold power.
    That is what is really preached wherever patriotism is championed.
    Patriotism is slavery.

    –Leo Tolstoi


    * * * * *


  • Dan’l’s Story

    Editor’s Note: The following story comes from James Wagner’s blog. We’ve recommended james@jameswagner.com before and we do so again. This is from the blog for February 20, 2003.

    – – –

    We’re under occupation already. Barry and I saw soldiers in the subway on Valentine’s Day, in “camouflage” [no, they weren’t wearing tar paper] and armed with assault weapons, but we thought they were, what, just window dressing for the White House’s orange alert games? Or, whatever. Nothing surprises us any more.

    Tonight we heard in a blog from a friend who found out, the hard way, that we are actually under an occupying army. Dan’l describes his evening in his own words:

    “if you live in new york city you’ve probably seen the (hot) national guardsmen taking up residence in our subway stations lately… i have to admit that i was a little unnerved the first time i saw assault rifles on the platform, but i was just starting to get used to it… until…

    “tonight i entered the ACE station at 34th street carrying an overnight bag (containing my computer, clothes, and personal hygiene products) and a shopping bag with groceries i’d just bought for the making of peach cobbler… i was gonna travel up to 103rd street to stay the night with charlie… we’d be waking up late, [be] cooking all day and eventually going outside to play in the blizzard that’s hitting the city right now…

    “anyway, as i approached the edge of the platform, one of these camouflaged yummies steps in front of me and asks me to step aside… “we’re going to ask you to set your bags down and remove your coat and hat…”

    “[hmmm,] i think, [are we doing random security checks now like they do in airports???] yes sir, of course… i do as instructed and then am handcuffed… now i’m a little freaked out…

    “what’s going on???

    “sir, we’d like to examine the contents of your bags… will we find any weapons inside???”

    “no… i have some clothes and my computer…

    “i looked down at my bag and saw that the power cord and battery were hanging out of the top… [of course that looks suspicious, you idiot!!! not to mention i had a bunch of metal cans and flour in my food emporium bag…]

    “to make what is a very long (an hour spent with these guys) story a little shorter, i had to:

    –explain traveling uptown so late…
    –explain my computer and cell phone cords…
    –explain the workings of a laptop computer
    –explain the workings of a sprint phone…
    –explain pajamas with monkey print and two pairs of socks…
    –explain what q-tips are used for…
    –explain what it takes to make a peach cobbler…
    –prove that i’m not a terrorist and that i have no intention of building any kind of weapon…
    –do i look like him or him or him??? what the???”


  • Two Quakers and the F.B.I.Editor’s Note: this story is compiled from stories in the Syracuse, New York, POST-STANDARD for February 27 and March 3 and from conversations with Howard Nelson, Laura Buffam and Larry Buffam, all members of the Quaker Meeting in this story.

    – – –

    Irene Main is 4 foot 10 inches tall and in her mid-seventies. She’s a member of a Quaker Meeting in Poplar Ridge, a tiny cross-roads hamlet in the Finger Lakes region of upstate New York.

    A while back Dr. Rafil Dhafir, an oncologist from a nearby town, came to the Quaker Meeting in Poplar Ridge to present a slide show about the starving and sick Iraqis plagued by poor infrastructure and crippling economic sanctions. Dr. Dhafir had been recommended to the Quaker Meeting by a member who was also a patient of Dr. Dhafir’s and who had come to like and respect Dr. Dhafir.

    Dr. Dhafir did not pressure the Quakers to make donations to an organization called Help the Needy, but did leave brochures about the group. A number of Meeting members sent in small amounts of money. Irene Main donated about $25.00.

    Recently, early one morning, two F.B.I. agents visited Irene Main. They questioned her extensively about her donation, implied that she had been taken advantage of and told her that the money she had donated had been used to build a mosque.

    Larry Buffam, who donated “a couple of hundred dollars,” was also visited and interrogated at 8:00 a.m by F.B.I. agents. The agents saw some Middle Eastern looking decorative plates hanging on the wall that years ago Mr. BuffamÕs father-in-law had brought back from Turkey. The agents wanted to know if Mr. Buffam had ever visited the Middle East.

    Both Irene Main and Larry Buffam said the agents who interrogated them were very polite.

    Dr. Dhafir, who has been accused of funneling money to Iraq in violation of U.S. sanctions, is now being held in the Justice Center jail in Syracuse. He has been denied the possibility of posting bail. Dr. Dhafir is being held on charges of money laundering for which, if convicted, he could be sentenced to up to 265 years in prison.

    MEDIA NOTE: In an interview with THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE Larry Buffam expressed concern about the way the U.S. District Attorney is using the media to spread unsubstantiated accusations about how Dr. Dhafir spent the money he gathered while Dr. Dhafir is incarcerated and unable to defend himself against these accusations.

    - – – – -
  • And in Montpelier, Vermont . . .Editor’s Note: this story was compiled from two stories in The Barre-Montpelier TIMES ARGUS for March 8 and 13, 2003.

    – – –

    In many locations around the country on March 5th there were walk outs and strikes to protest the impending war. Many of these actions were in high schools and colleges. At the high school in Montpelier, Vermont, a group of about 60 students marched from their school to the Statehouse where they held a rally and cornered Governor James Douglas whereupon the students tried, unsuccessfully, to get the Governor to explain his support for the war in Iraq.

    The Montpelier City Police took detailed pictures of the students involved in the protest. The police department planned to keep the photos on file.

    At one point Jeb Wallace-Brodeur, a photographer for a local daily paper, the TIMES ARGUS, who was photographing the demonstration was approached by a man Wallace-Brodeur took to be the high school’s resource officer. The resource officer asked Wallace-Brodeur for copies of the photographs he was taking so that they could be used for educational purposes. Wallace-Brodeur agreed. Later the “school resource officer” said to Wallace-Brodeur, “Make sure you get close ups of their faces in case they need to be suspended.” At this point Wallace-Brodeur withdrew his offer to share his photographs.

    It then came to light that the “school resource officer” was in fact Officer Eric Nordenson of the Montpelier Police Department.

    Emily Whitfield, a spokeswoman for the American Civil Liberties Union said, “It’s disturbing [the police] took the photos when there was no illegal activity going on, when there was a free speech activity going on.”

    “I think activity like this by police has a chilling effect on dissent.” Emily Whitfield said.

    UPDATE: GOOD NEWS . . . MAYBE : At a public meeting with city officials in Montpelier on Wednesday, March 12th, Mayor Chuck Karparis pledged that the city would destroy the photos of the students. However no firm date for their destruction was announced. It also came to light that the Montpelier city police had taken pictures of participants at a peace demonstration in town on January 18th at which the editor of this cyberzine was a featured speaker. To read his talk/poem delivered that day go to: davidbudbill.com/emperorlive.html#talkThe police have also pledged to destroy the pictures taken on January 18th.




    * * * * *

    There have been a lot of great signs at the many
    peace demonstrations so far this year.
    Here’s our favorite:
    Under a picture of George Bush, the caption:


    * * * * *

    THE DISASTERS OF WAR: 1939/2003
    Andrew Potok

    Early in the morning on the first of September 1939, I was soaring through a field across from our summer house on my new bicycle. I sang with the unparalleled ecstasy of bicycle freedom when three airplanes appeared just over the tree tops. The Polish red and white checkerboard insignia was bright and reassuring on their wings. I could see the pilots’ faces. I waved and cried for joy with an 8-year-old’s patriotic pride, but they were German men and they dropped bombs all around me, setting the fields and woods on fire. I ran screaming toward our house.

    Beyond the realm of possibility, Warsaw – my apartment house, my parks, my school, my city – was being bombed. The buildings which had stood with the certainty of stone and metal were crumbling together with my childhood. These were the streets on which I was pushed in a baby carriage, then walked, then ran, the streets I crossed holding my mother’s hand or alone, the stores where I bought playthings, the buildings where my parents worked. It was all I knew and its obliteration, its fragility, its not being a part of forever had been unimaginable.

    For the next two weeks, strafed and bombed along roads crowded with the carnage of war, we crossed the border into Lithuania, then Latvia and Sweden. Having fled from Poland on the last day before the border closed, we next managed – and the guilt of survival is with me still – to be booked on the last boat out of Norway before Norway fell. Shell-shocked but lucky beyond anyone’s rational expectations, we arrived in America. My child’s instinct for self-preservation chose emotional numbness as its strategy. It worked to keep me from insanity. The rest of my large family stayed and were slaughtered by Germans and Poles.

    In spite of the horrors of that war, it has faded into indistinct images, though they still have the power to wake me in the middle of the night. Then, for many years, I awoke screaming. Now it is merely panic.

    As I grew up and became politicized in America, despising nationalism and patriotism, I often over-reacted to acts of brutality and injustice in the name of realpolitik, an imperial obligation, democracy or preservation of “the American way.” “The country is going fascist,” I often thought, knowing that I was exaggerating, if only a little. Now it has finally happened.

    And here we are, silent or outspoken, wanting war or wanting peace, preferring domination to negotiation or the other way around, the very same dilemmas facing German citizens of the thirties and forties. With the might and arrogance of empire, we go to great lengths to try to justify illegal pre-emptive strikes and the use of “tactical” nuclear weapons. Corporate interests and radical ideology are on a rampage to cleanse the world of imperfection, of heretics, of the weakest of the evil doers, of “the other.”

    The German people of 60 and 70 years ago did have a choice. So do we. Having witnessed millions of refugee children world-wide and the other small and large terrors we have all watched throughout our lives, the possibility of the end of a future has never been more real or menacing.

    – – –

    Andrew Potok’s latest book is A MATTER OF DIGNITY: Changing the World of the Disabled (Bantam/Random House 2002). That book and a re-issue of his 1980 memoir, ORDINARY DAYLIGHT, have recently been released as paperbacks by Bantam. Mr. Potok can be reached at:lopo@adelphia.net



    * * * * *

    “I should like to be able to love my country and still love justice.”
    –Albert Camus


    * * * * *

    Howard Nelson

    I wrote an e-mail to my cousin Wolfgang in Germany.

    Not knowing what his opinion might be, I wanted, as a citizen of the United States to a citizen of Germany, to thank Germany for its resistance to BushÕs proposed war against Iraq, and also to tell him that the embarrassing arrogance and smugness of this President, such as in his State of the Union Address, is not applauded by all Americans. WolfgangÕs reply was as follows:

    “Thanks for your mail. We think just the same. We had nearly the same leader 70 years ago and we, together with other people around Germany, had to pay a terrible toll for ‘war games.’ Mankind should be more wise.”


    Howard Nelson is a poet and a teacher who lives in Upstate New York. His latest book of poems is BONE MUSIC, Nightshade Press, 1996. He can be reached at: nelsonh33@hotmail.com


    * * * * *


    Petition to Impeach George Bush
    Former Attorney General Ramsey Clark is circulating a petition to impeach the President. You can add your name to the petition at:

    Sign the Open Letter to the Silent Democrats
    Sign the Open Letter/Petition circulating to urge the Democrats to speak up and end their “silence in the halls of the Senate and Congress and to convey the will of the people in a way that will make President Bush take heed.”

    To sign, go to:

    Urge the Pope to Go to Baghdad
    In an effort to try to stop the impending war with Iraq, Dr. Helen Caldicott sent a letter to the Pope, asking him to travel to Baghdad in order to offer himself as “the ultimate human shield.”

    Join Dr. Caldicott and email, fax or call the Pope and urge him to move to Baghdad for awhile.

    Email: accreditamenti@pressva.va.
    Fax: from the US, the number is: 011-39-06698-85378
    from other countries drop the 011 prefix
    Phone: 011-39-06-69-82.


    * * * * *


    We recommend visiting the Veterans for Common Sense website. Their letter to President Bush sent March 11th is excellent and hard hitting. There are also many excellent articles on this website worth reading.

    Go to: http://www.veteransforcommonsense.org



    * * * * *

    Peter Turnley

    We are all drowning in words these days. It is important, it seems to us, to keep aware of the emotional content of these words and the actual physical effects of war.

    To that end here is a link to a series of devastating photos of the last Gulf war:

    Double click on each thumbnail photograph and it will enlarge.



    * * * * *








    * Webmaster’s note:
    If you would like to pursue the Carter editorial, here are two avenues:

    This link takes you to a linking page to Carter’s piece that requires a free registration with nytimes.com

    This link goes to a page on 1010wins.com that contains excerpts of the piece.



    * * * * *

    We are called to speak for the weak, for the voiceless, for the victims of our nation and for those it calls enemy, for no document from human hands can make these humans any less our brothers and sisters.

    –Martin Luther King

    * * * * *


    In This Issue:

  • David’s Notes
  • A Letter to George Bush from a Canadian Who Lives in Egypt (an Emailite Exclusive)
  • Bombs Not Bread: How We’d Rather Ruin than Create
  • How Generous We Are: A Foreign Aid Fact
  • A Bloodthirsty Animal by Harold Pinter
  • Bill Moyers Socks It To ‘Em
  • Cheryl Hanna on John Poindexter
  • A Last Word from David Dellinger
  • * * * * *

    33 Years Ago and Now


    New Epigraph
    Beginning with this issue of THE JUDEVINE MOUNTAIN EMAILITE, a new epigraph, a quote from Martin Luther King, adorns our masthead. We think it is particularly fitting for these days.

    33 Years Ago and Now
    I came here to this remote mountainside in northern Vermont in the summer of 1969, 33 years ago. I had had it with America. I had had it with wars, riots, assassinations, racism and mere anarchy loosed upon the streets. I wanted to get as far away from America, without actually leaving it, as I possibly could. This out-of-the-way, poverty-stricken, forgotten slab of mountainside and valley thirty miles from the Canadian border seemed like a good spot. It was and still is. What I see today from here is more disturbing than what I knew in 1969.

    The situation in America since the election of 2002 is far more desperate than it was in the late 1960s, even given the 1968 assassinations of Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy and the utter chaos on the streets of Chicago during the Democratic National Convention there. At least in the late 1960s the streets were full of people enraged by the misuse of governmental power.

    Today the Right Wing Coup marching forward daily in Washington, DC, proceeds apace essentially unopposed. The politicians and the news media, including NPR, have rolled over and are playing dead.

    We can hear the rumblings of protest and revolt off there in the distance, but the out and out turning-around necessary if we are to save this so-called Democracy from the bullies and thugs now controlling the government is far from hitting the streets.

    If there ever was a time to be a rabble-rouser now is the time. If there ever was a time to stand up and shout: RESIST! REBEL! REVOLT! now is the time.


    * * * * *

    A Judevine Mountain Emailite Exclusive


    Carol Ann Clouston

    To: US President, George W. Bush

    For the past 22 years I have experienced Egyptians–with very few exceptions– as extremely peaceful people, very forgiving of the westerners’ penchant for arrogant attitudes and behaviours. However, thanks to your administration’s unfailing moral and material support of Israel’s atrocities and blatant flouting of all international treaties (including UN Resolutions), the people of this entire region are psychologically primed for massive civil disobedience. The various Governments here will undoubtedly be destabilized beyond repair for quite awhile to come, with the inevitable suffering that chaos will entail.

    As your Canadian neighbour, I fully sympathize with you over the dreadful loss of life on 9/11 and the despicable manner in which that took place. However, your repeated seemingly revengeful behaviours since that time are miring the US in a quagmire from which it will take generations for the citizens of your great country to extricate themselves. You must recognize in your heart of hearts that a war on Iraq will not give the US any long-term satisfaction in terms of either revenge or security. It may, however, give you unlimited access to Iraq’s oil, but at what a diabolical price!

    As a Canadian citizen, living in Egypt for the past 22 years, I can assure you that if you do attack Iraq, you and your administration will go down in history as the demons who “opened the gates of hell” for the people of this region–not to mention being held responsible for an enormous loss of life: of US military personnel, of innocent Iraqis, in the North American and European ex-pat community and the lives of untold thousands more in Palestinian refugee camps which will be lost in the massacre which Israel is bound to perpetrate under cover of both the war on terrorism and the Iraqi war.

    Further, you will be held personally responsible for the inevitable increase in terrorist attacks within the US itself, no matter how big or efficient your Homeland Security Dept. You will be reviled by future generations of Americans and world citizens at least as much as Hitler, Stalin and other mass murderers of history.

    Since you took office, by means of your many reprehensible behaviours in the international arena, you’ve sacrificed America’s former, long standing and well-deserved reputation for holding the moral high ground–not the least of these being the inhuman treatment of the prisoners of the Afghan war. The bottom line here, Mr. Bush, is that if you do go to war unilaterally you will be seen as having acted in the same fundamentalist vein as Osama bin Laden. DON’T DO IT–for your own and for everyone else’s sake!


    Carol Ann Clouston,
    Adham Center for TV Journalism
    The American University in Cairo

    * * * * *


    13 Billion for War, 10 Million for Humanitarian Aid

    EDITOR’S NOTE: OAF, Our Anonymous Friend, hipped us to the following article “Iraq: The Economic Consequences of War” by the Yale economist William D. Nordhaus. It appeared in THE NEW YORK REVIEW OF BOOKS for December 5, 2002. Read the whole article at:http://www.nybooks.com/articles/15850

    “Will the US actually undertake the extensive effort required to rebuild and democratize Iraq? In virtually every country where the US intervened militarily over the last four decades, it has followed a ‘hit and run’ philosophy by which bombing runs have seldom been followed by construction crews. The latest war in Afghanistan is a striking example. In the year ending September 2002, the US spent $13 billion on the war effort. By contrast, the total Pentagon effort committed to civil works or humanitarian aid has totaled only $10 million.

    “The disproportion between military destruction and civilian construction in Afghanistan and elsewhere does not augur well for an ambitious rebuilding effort in Iraq. Is it plausible that Congress will appropriate funds for such a large civilian effort when the US today spends only $15 billion annually on foreign aid for the entire world?”


    * * * * *

    A Foreign Aid Fact

    The Foreign Aid Budget in the United States is 1/10th of 1% of our Gross National Product. Of the 22 richest nations in the world, that ranks us 22nd.*


    * * * * *


    excerpts from a speech by Harold Pinter

    EDITOR’S NOTE: The excerpts that follow are taken from an address given by playwright Harold Pinter on receiving an honorary degree at the University of Turin in Italy. To read Pinter’s entire speech go to: http://www.rense.com/general32/sdbi.htm orhttp://alt.venus.co.uk/weed/current/pinter2.htm

    “If you are not with us, you are against us,” President George W. Bush has said. He has also said: “We will not allow the world’s worst weapons to remain in the hands of the world’s worst leaders.” Quite right. Look in the mirror, chum. That’s you.
    . . .
    “America believes that the 3,000 deaths in New York are the only deaths that count, the only deaths that matter. They are American deaths. Other deaths are unreal, abstract, of no consequence.
    . . .
    “People do not forget. They do not forget the death of their fellows, they do not forget torture and mutilation, they do not forget injustice, they do not forget oppression, they do not forget the terrorism of mighty powers. They not only don’t forget: they also strike back.

    “The atrocity in New York was predictable and inevitable. It was an act of retaliation against constant and systematic manifestations of state terrorism on the part of America over many years, in all parts of the world.
    . . .
    “The planned war against Iraq is in fact a plan for premeditated murder of thousands of civilians in order, apparently, to rescue them from their dictator.

    “America and Britain are pursuing a course that can lead only to an escalation of violence throughout the world and finally to catastrophe. It is obvious, however, that America is bursting at the seams to attack Iraq.

    “I believe that it will do this not only to take control of Iraqi oil, but also because the American administration is now a bloodthirsty wild animal. Bombs are its only vocabulary.”


    * * * * *


    EDITOR’S NOTE: If we were to make a list of left wing radicals active in the U.S. right now, Bill Moyers would not be on that list. This man who began his career as press secretary for President Lyndon Johnson and went on to become a regular and favorite host on Public Television and presently heads a weekly news magazine on PBS called NOW, came out in a powerful and definite way against the Bush Administration recently. Here are Moyers’s closing remarks on the show that aired on November 8th. There’s more on Moyers and NOW at:http://www.pbs.org/now/commentary/moyers15.html


    Bill Moyers

    Way back in the 1950’s when I first tasted politics and journalism, Republicans briefly controlled the White House and Congress. With the exception of Joseph McCarthy and his vicious ilk, they were a reasonable lot, presided over by that giant war hero, Dwight Eisenhower, who was conservative by temperament and moderate in the use of power.

    That brand of Republican is gone. And for the first time in the memory of anyone alive, the entire federal government – the Congress, the Executive, the Judiciary – is united behind a right-wing agenda for which George W. Bush believes he now has a mandate.

    That mandate includes the power of the state to force pregnant women to give up control over their own lives.

    It includes using the taxing power to transfer wealth from working people to the rich.

    It includes giving corporations a free hand to eviscerate the environment and control the regulatory agencies meant to hold them accountable.

    And it includes secrecy on a scale you cannot imagine. Above all, it means judges with a political agenda appointed for life. If you liked the Supreme Court that put George W. Bush in the White House, you will swoon over what’s coming.

    And if you like God in government, get ready for the Rapture. These folks don’t even mind you referring to the GOP as the party of God. Why else would the new House Majority Leader say that the Almighty is using him to promote ‘a Biblical worldview’ in American politics?

    So it is a heady time in Washington – a heady time for piety, profits, and military power, all joined at the hip by ideology and money.

    Don’t forget the money. It came pouring into this election, to both parties, from corporate America and others who expect the payback. Republicans outraised democrats by $184 million dollars. And came up with the big prize – monopoly control of the American government, and the power of the state to turn their ideology into the law of the land. Quite a bargain at any price.

    That’s it for this week. For NOW, I’m Bill Moyers.



    * * * * *


    Cheryl Hanna

    I never believed that John F. Kennedy was assassinated by the CIA, or that the moon-landing was staged. But lately, I’ve begun to reconsider just how much trust any of us should have in the federal government.

    A few weeks ago, the New York Times broke a story about the Pentagon’s proposal to build a giant computer system capable of mining thousands of databases containing private information about foreigners and Americans, including you and me. It’s called “Total Information Awareness,” or TIA, and it’s incredible in an Orwellian sort of way.

    The super-computer will be used to access your phone records and bank accounts, read your email, discover where you’ve traveled, and where you plan to go. It’ll be able to track your credit card activity, review your online purchases, and even check what prescriptions you’re taking. Think about what that means. The government will be able to spy on us, its own citizens, without a search warrant, and without our knowledge.

    Pentagon officials have said that TIA is meant to be used as a tool in the war against terrorism; that if you re not a terrorist, you don’t have to worry. But consider this worrisome fact: the person who first developed TIA and who is in charge of the program is Vice-Admiral John Poindexter. Poindexter was President Reagan’s National Security Advisor. He was eventually convicted of five felonies, including destroying evidence and lying to Congress about the Iran Contra affair. However, an appeals court eventually overturned his convictions because Congress had granted Poindexter immunity in exchange for his congressional testimony.

    Nevertheless, Poindexter’s violations of the public trust were so outrageous that he became a symbol of what can happen when government officials disregard the rule of law in the quest for their own power. Even some of the president’s most conservative supporters, like columnist William Safire, have called Poindexter’s project a sweeping theft of privacy rights, and have suggested that TIA would be far less controversial if someone besides Poindexter was in charge.

    But the president and his men remain adamant that Poindexter is the best man for the job (not just because he was the Vice President of Syntek Technologies, a government contractor that helped develop other surveillance technologies) but also because he’s an exemplary American.

    Are they joking? Most Americans would probably agree that some information gathering system to identify terrorists is necessary, and a lot of us are willing to sacrifice some privacy rights, I think, in the name of national security. But the fact that the president insists that Poindexter be America’s top-ranking spy makes me wonder what’s really going on.

    All right. Maybe there’s no conspiracy here. But to paraphrase Henry Kissenger: just because you’re paranoid, doesn’t mean people aren’t watching.
    EDITOR’S NOTE: This commentary was written for Vermont Public Radio and aired on December 4, 2002. © Copyright 2002, VPR. Cheryl Hanna is a professor at Vermont Law School in South Royalton, Vermont.



    * * * * *


    EDITOR’S NOTE: Hate is a curious thing. If you get everything you want and have all the power in the world it can create hate. If you never get what you want and you have no power at all it can create hate.

    I don’t think of myself as someone who has anything at all in common with George W. Bush, but I do. We both share a remarkable capacity to hate.

    It’s especially important for those of us who seek solutions to the world’s problems–other than solutions supposedly achieved with guns and bombs–to confront our hatred for our enemies. I’m talking about enemies like George Bush, John Ashcroft, Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and so on. Here then, we offer an excerpt from a few words penned by David Dellinger as an “Afterword” for the 2002 War Resisters League Calendar.
    PERSONAL NOTE: Our friends Dave Dellinger, who is now 88 years old, and his wife, Elizabeth Peterson, 82, recently moved into assisted living in Montpelier, Vermont. Anyone reading this who remembers Dave and Elizabeth and who would like to drop them a line to say hello, here’s their new address:
    David Dellinger & Elizabeth Peterson
    Heaton Woods
    10 Heaton Street, #7
    Montpelier, VT 05602

    For those of you too young to remember who David Dellinger is: he is a life long radical peace activist. He was a conscientious objector during World War Two and every war since then. He is perhaps best known as one of the Chicago Seven who were arrested and tried—for . . . for what?—during the riots in the streets of Chicago during the Democratic National Convention there in 1968. If you don’t know Dave’s autobiography, FROM YALE TO JAIL: The Life Story of a Moral Dissenter (Pantheon Books, 1993) we recommend it.

    Again, we urge those of you out there who would like to drop a line to Dave and Elizabeth to do so.



    David Dellinger

    Our nonviolent activism would be more positive if we stressed reaching out with love for our fellow human beings—love not only for the victims, but also for those who defend the existing system, including those who think they benefit from it, even toward the police and other security forces.

    Love for those who defend the system, including the police who harass and arrest us? Is that unrealistic?

    Let me testify that this kind of love makes a difference. In 1987, twenty of us invaded the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, protesting against U.S. sponsorship of the terrorist Nicaraguan Contras. When we were arrested and taken downstairs to be fingerprinted, an officer recognized me and introduced me to the other officers. He said, “This is Dave Dellinger, who I want you to meet because his actions are based on love for everyone, including us.”

    I also recognized him: The second time he had arrested me he had grabbed the arm of another officer, who was about to hit me on the head with a club, and said, “Stop. This is a good guy who doesn’t need to be hit like that.”

    Love for every human being is necessary for our individual growth and fulfillment. Those who practice this love benefit spiritually as they help others. While there are still badly needed changes in our anti-democratic society, I see positive signs that acting with love for other people and their needs does succeed.

    * * * * *

    *EDITOR’S NOTE: Source for A Foreign Aid Fact: NPR’s Morning Edition, 12/12/2002


    * * * * *



    * * * * *


    In This Issue:


    • Vermont Celebrates the Life and Work of Hayden Carruth
    • On November 5th VOTE FOR A REGIME CHANGE

    * * * * *




    From November 12th through the 18th, Vermont will celebrate the life and work of poet and long-time Vermont resident, Hayden Carruth.

    This is a rare opportunity for Vermonters to hear and honor one of America’s greatest living poets. Carruth, who is now eighty-one years old, and thirty-one other poets will read from Carruth’s work in four locations throughout the state.

    On Tuesday, November 12th, in the Vermont House Chamber at the State House, Carruth will be awarded a proclamation signed by Governor Howard Dean honoring his life and work and his long devotion to Vermont and Vermonters. Poets reading Mr. Carruth’s poems at the State House ceremonies, which will begin at 6:00 p.m., include: David Budbill, John Engels, Jody Gladding, Geof Hewitt, David Huddle, Galway Kinnell, former Governor Madeleine Kunin, Ellen Lovell, and State Poet, Ellen Bryant Voigt. Governor Kunin will present Governor Dean’s Proclamation to Mr. Carruth. A reception in the Cedar Creek Room will follow the House Chamber ceremonies. For more information contact: David Schutz (802) 828-5657.

    On Thursday, November 14th, the moveable feast of words will travel to St. Johnsbury. The readings will be held at St. Andrews Church beginning at 6:00 p.m., followed by a reception at the St. Johnsbury Athenaeum. Poets reading in St. Johnsbury are: Major Jackson, Garret Keizer, Galway Kinnell, Leland Kinsey, Grace Paley, Jim Schley, Neil Shepard, Gerry Stork and Martha Zweig. For more information contact: Lisa von Kann (802)748-8291.

    On Saturday, November 16th, the celebration travels to Brattleboro to Center Congregational Church where the readings begin at 6:00 p.m. Poets reading in Brattleboro will be: Joan Aleshire, Wyn Cooper, Chard deNiord, Ellen Dudley, T. Namaya, Franklin Reeve, Stephen Sandy and Ellen Bryant Voigt. A reception and book signing will follow the readings at the River View Garden. For more information contact: T. Namaya (802) 254-8084.

    On Monday, November 18th, in Middlebury, the final celebration takes place at 4:30 p.m. at Middlebury College’s Chateau Salon. Readers in Middlebury include: Julia Alvarez, T. Alan Broughton, Greg Delanty, Dimiter Kenarov, Joe-Anne McLaughlin, Brett Millier and Jay Parini. A reception and book signing will follow at Chateau Salon. For more information contact: Jay Parini (802) 545-4444.

    Hayden Carruth moved to Vermont in 1960, and for twenty years lived in a small house, which he dubbed Crow’s Mark, squeezed between a dirt road and the banks of Foote Brook in Johnson. During those years his workplace, a few steps away from the house, was a tiny, converted cowshed heated by a woodstove. There Hayden composed some of his greatest works, including his unique poems on the values and ways of Vermont farmers. Some of the books of poems composed while living in Johnson are: THE CLAY HILL ANTHOLOGY (1965), FROM SNOW AND ROCK, FROM CHAOS (1973), IF YOU CALL THIS CRY A SONG (1983), DARK WORLD (1974), BROTHERS, I LOVED YOU ALL (1978), and THE SLEEPING BEAUTY (1970-1980).

    During these two decades Carruth eked out a living as an essayist, book reviewer and anthologist. His anthology, THE VOICE THAT IS GREAT WITHIN US: AMERICAN POETRY OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (1970) is one of the most celebrated and influential anthologies of the last fifty years.

    Beginning in the late 1960s, and for the decade that followed, Hayden became a generous, enthusiastic and inspiring mentor and friend to many young poets and novelists who had come to Vermont to live and work. Many of these friends from the 1970s will be among the readers honoring him at the four venues throughout the state. All of the writers, whether old friends or more recent admirers, are delighted to have this opportunity to express their affection for Hayden Carruth himself and for his work.

    In 1980, out of economic necessity, Hayden began teaching at Syracuse University where he continued to teach until his retirement. Carruth now lives in Munnsville, New York, but his spiritual and emotional home remains here in the Green Mountain State.

    Hayden Carruth was born on August 3, 1921, in Waterbury, Connecticut, and was educated at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the University of Chicago. Noted for the breadth of his linguistic and formal resources, influenced by jazz and the blues, Carruth has published twenty-nine books, chiefly of poetry but also a novel, four books of criticism, and two anthologies. Informed by his political radicalism and sense of cultural responsibility, many of Carruth’s best-known poems are about the people and places of northern Vermont, as well as rural poverty and hardship.

    In 1996 SCRAMBLED EGGS AND WHISKEY won the National Book Award for poetry. His most recent book of poems is DOCTOR JAZZ: POEMS 1996-2000, published in 2001 by his long-time publisher Copper Canyon Press.

    Other recent books from Copper Canyon Press include, COLLECTED SHORTER POEMS: 1946-1991, RELUCTANTLY: AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYS, SELECTED ESSAYS & REVIEWS and COLLECTED LONGER POEMS. He has been editor of POETRY, poetry editor of HARPER’S, and, for 20 years, an advisory editor of THE HUDSON REVIEW.

    Carruth has received fellowships from the Bollingen Foundation, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Arts, and a 1995 Lannan Literary Fellowship. He has been presented with the Lenore Marshall Award, the Paterson Poetry Prize, the Vermont Governor’s Medal, the Carl Sandburg Award, a Whiting Writers’ Award and the Ruth Lilly Prize, among many others.

    All events during this week of celebrations are free. Everyone is cordially invited and encouraged to attend. The events are sponsored by the St. Johnsbury Athenaeum and supported by a generous grant from The Lannan Foundation.


    He is the consummate poet of easeful learning and well-tuned orneriness. Perhaps this is why, at eighty, Carruth–unlike his great master, Frost–keeps getting better.

    The New Yorker



    Carruth is a people’s poet, readily understood, a tribune of our common humanity, welfare and plight. He is also a poet’s poet, a virtuoso of form from the sonnet to free verse, from medieval metrics to jazz ones.

    The Nation



    This is work of high artistic and moral integrity.

    The Harvard Review



    Carruth, like Whitman, like Chaucer, is large. He contains multitudes. Dip into his work anywhere, and there is life–and death–as stirringly felt and cogitated as in some vast, Tolstoyan novel.

    Booklist (starred review)



    Rarely do poets earn the unqualified admiration of both their academic and experimental peers, but Carruth–through his artistic versatility and critical ecumenism–has been doing just that for half a century….Carruth’s personal blend of wit, Weltanschauung, and conscience is indelibly his own, one of the lasting literary signatures of our time.

    Library Journal (starred review)



    He writes of the two extremes–life and death–with such felicity. Hayden Carruth has spoken eloquently, and it is the language of a blessed trust in the imagination.

    The Bloomsbury Review



    Hayden Carruth’s voice is unique in American poetry: disarmingly personal but always informed by an acute historical and political intelligence, linguistically demotic and direct while prosodically complex and diverse.

    National Book Award citation



    NOTE: A digital version of this text and a jpeg portrait of Hayden Carruth are available from Lisa Von Kann at: lvkann@stjathenaeum.org



    * * * * *




    Vote for a Regime Change Right Here at Home

    A week or so ago at a Peace vigil in Montpelier, Vermont,
    I picked up a bumper sticker which reads:
    Vermonters for a Bush/Cheney REGIME CHANGE.


    The Radical Right is in control
    of many of our government’s decisions now,
    from family planning to war and international relations.

    No Matter Where You Live Get Out and Vote to Oust
    the Radical Right from its stranglehold
    on American government.

    If your local dog catcher is a Right Winger–
    Get him out of there!

    And if you think you are too small to make a difference,
    you’ve never been in bed with a mosquito.

    * * * * *